The medical term that is referred to as hallux valgus is commonly known as a bunion. This foot condition occurs when the big toe leans toward the toe next to it, and the result may be a bony protrusion that extends on the side of the big toe. There are additional symptoms that may be associated with this ailment, which may include swelling in the affected joint, the skin becoming callused and red, which may be a result of the two toes overlapping, or possibly changes in the foot structure. Many patients notice pain may derive from wearing shoes that no longer fit comfortably. There may be several causes of bunions, and these may include an inherited trait, wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in, or possibly a medical condition such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis. If you feel you have developed a bunion, it is strongly suggested that you seek the counsel of a podiatrist who can begin the correct treatment for you.If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Sergey Losyev of Global Podiatry of NY & NJ. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.What Is a Bunion?Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.CausesGenetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion developmentInflammatory Conditions – rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion developmentSymptomsRedness and inflammationPain and tendernessCallus or corns on the bumpRestricted motion in the big toeIn order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Morganville, NJ, Bay Street in Brooklyn, and Ocean Avenue in Brooklyn, NY. We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.